Black Mangroves in Central Florida
Florida's Coastline Forest Habitat
Monday December 11, 2017
Mangroves are an important part of the marine ecosystem and estuaries on the coastlines of Florida and the Black Mangroves are a prominent plant life among the other mangroves in this area. Black mangroves have a couple of cousins the red mangrove and the white mangrove which are easy to identify by their leaves and visible root systems.
The roots of the black mangrove grow upward in thick bunches rather than downward arching like the red mangroves.
There's a large diversity of marine life amongst the mangrove shoreline. Above are a couple of redfish feeding in the shallow water grassflats adjacent to a mangrove shoreline.
Black Mangrove Information
This mangrove contributes to the ecological community by trapping in the root system debris and detritus brought in by the tides and wind. The black mangrove is valuable for stabilization of coastlines and low-lying coastal lands and areas. This mangrove is crucially important as a feeding, breeding and nursery for a diverse variety of birds, fish, shellfish and other wildlife.
The wood on the black mangrove is almost black and is strong and heavy and often used for construction in third world countries. Black mangroves contain tannin in the bark and has been used to prepare leather products too.
Bees flock to black mangroves during the summer for it's nectar and the "mangrove honey" that is locally popular is favorable to the taste buds.
Black mangroves can be easily identified by the numerous pencil-like breathing tubes, called pneumatophores, which grow vertically from the mud to just above the highest sustained water level. Like the prop roots of the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), these provide air to the underground and underwater roots. Unfortunately, the diverse natural community provided by the mangrove forest is declining due to the invasion of overpowering plant species, such as the Brazilian pepper, and urban development.
1). Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History "South Florida Mangrove Species Profiles" Florida Museum of Natural History
2). School of Forest Resources & Conservation "Florida Forest Trees White Mangrove" School of Forest Resources & Conservation
The Black Magrove is a native flowering plant found on the shallow shorelines of the Indian, Banana and Mosquito Lagoons in Central Florida and occure around the world in many subtropical regions.
Last modified: December 13 2015 23:15:37.
Published by: Captain Richard Bradley of Lagooner Fishing Guides©
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